Message No : 3Sr.No : 184/724
Question By : lion

what i shariaa?

please explain in details with references.

how many sharia are there.

what is haram , gunahe qbeera & sageera


Reply By : Mohd. Shihabuddin Qasmi
Designation : Mufti, ODI, MMERC, Mumbai 

In the name of Allah, All Gracious, All Merciful
Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuho
Dear Brother in Islam,
The answers to your questions are as follows:

ShariĄŻah literally means Way and Path. And since, Islam is a complete way of life. It furnishes guidance in each and every facet of human life. Therefore, Islamic rules of practical conduct are called ShariĄŻah, which are sometimes known as Islamic Laws. In another word, the injunctions brought by the beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) are called ShariĄŻah. The Glorious QurĄŻaan says, Ą°Accept what the Messenger gives you, and refrain what he forbidsĄ±. (Suratul-Hashr 59: 7)

Approximately, one lakh twenty four thousand messengers were sent to this world. And every one was given a particular ShariĄŻah different from that of others except the fundamental principle of Tawheed. But the ShariĄŻah of Last and Final Prophet Muhammad (SAW) abrogated all the previous ones. The Glorious QurĄŻaan says, Ą°And to you We have revealed the Book containing the truth, confirming the earlier revelations, and preserving them (from change and corruption). So judge between them by what Allah has revealed, and do not follow their whims, side-stepping the truth that has reached you. To each of you We have given a law and a way and pattern of life. If Allah had pleased He would have made you a single people (professing one faith). But He wished to try and test you by that which He gave you.Ą± (Suratul-Maaidah 5: 48) Now, no ShariĄŻah is accepted before Allah Almighty except the ShariĄŻah of Muhammad (SAW). The Lofty QurĄŻaan says, Ą°And whosoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will not be accepted from him, and he will be a loser in the world to comeĄ± (Suratu Al-Imraan 3:85)

Haraam (literally means to restrain) refers to prevent oneself from indulging in the deeds forbidden by Allah Almighty and His Prophet Muhammad (SAW), which is sometime called MaĄŻsiah as well as Zamb.
Ulama have different opinions concerning the definition of Gunahe Kabirah (major sin) and Saghirah (minor sin). But the precise and concise definitions are as follows:

Every deed, which according to ShariĄŻah, causes capital punishment in this life, hellfire in hereafter, AllahĄŻs wrath and curse is called Gunahe Kabirah such as Shirk (associating a partner with Allah Almighty, killing, adultery, drinking wine, shaving beard, backbiting, disobeying to parents and like these sins. And every act, which neither causes capital punishment in this world nor intimidation in hereafter, is known as Gunahe Saghirah. (Sharhut-Tahawi 2: 119)

It should be carried in mind that Khabirah Gunah is not forgiven except sincere repentance while Saghirah is effaced by good deeds too. The Glorious QurĄŻaan says, Ą°If you keep away from deadly sins that have been forbidden to do, We shall efface your faults, and lead you to a place of honour. (Suratun-Nisa 4: 31) But Saghirah Gunah turns to Kabirah by persisting over. Therefore, Saghirah should not be committed considering it merely minor lest it should turn to a major one and you do not know. As a result, you never dream to repent for this sin and receive the wrath of Allah Almighty by committing wrong deeds at a stretch. The Glorious QurĄŻaan says, Ą°And those who having done an act of indecency or wronged their own souls, remember Allah and ask for forgiveness for their sins, and who can forgive sins except Allah? And are never obstinate in persisting knowingly in the wrong they have doneĄ±. (Suratu-Al-Imraan 3: 135)

And Al

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