Message No : 11Sr.No : 196/725
Question By : Beazedin Mustafa

Bismallah

Al salaamu alaykum dear brothers in Islam

I would like to give iftaar (feeding people at the end of the fasting day).
What is the best way for doing this?
What I am supposed to do? Could you explain me the "procedure" in details or give reference?
I live in a non-muslim country and here it is hard to find a muslim slaughtered animals. So may I buy chicken for instance, or how I am supposed to handle this situation?

May Allah be happy with you for your rapid and clear answer insha'Allah

Ma'assalamah

 

Reply By : Mohd. Shihabuddin Qasmi
Designation : Mufti, ODI, MMERC, Mumbai 

In the name of Allah, All Gracious, All Merciful
Assalamo Alaikum
Dear Brother in Islam,
The answer to your question is as follows:

To invite a fasting person for Iftaar is one of the greatest virtues. One who invites a fasting person for Iftaar, gets the same reward as the fasting person does. This is because, one of the gracious laws of Allah Almighty is to reward a person, who exhorts others to good deeds or helps them in performing virtuous deed, in the same measure as the doer of the deed gets.

It is reported on the authority of Hazrat Zaid Bin Khalid (RA) that the Prophet of Islam (SAW) said, ¡°Whoever invites a fasting person to break the fast with him or provides a warrior (in the defence of faith) with equipment of war, will get the same reward as the fasting person or the warrior does¡±. (Baihaqi)

Today, Iftaar party has become a fashion. People pay so much attention to arrange the party that they do not do to perform the obligation. Besides, people from upper classes are invited but no one cares for poor and needy ones. Verities of fruits and sumptuous dishes are placed. People take Iftaar standing as animals do. Sometimes, it takes hours to do Iftaar. Most often, people engage themselves in eating and drinking so much that they miss prayer in congregation. This kind of party is not an Islamic one. Since, Islam is an easy religion to follow. It lays great emphasize on simplicity. But we are making our lives difficult inclining towards such fashions and ceremonies.

The better thing to break a fast is dates. And if one cannot get them at the time of Iftaar then a better alternative is water. For, Allah Almighty declared water pure. So to break a fast with water is the purification of both external and inner self.

It is narrated on the authority of Hazrat Salmaan bin Jabir (RA) that the Prophet of Islam (Saw) said, ¡°When anyone of you is fasting, he should break it with dates, and if the dates are not available, then with mere water. For, Allah has made the water purifying¡±. (Tirmizi)

To feed a fasting person or needy people is also amongst the virtuous deeds. Pure and Halaal food must be taken for one self and fed others the same. This is because; Allah Almighty is pure and accepts that which is pure. He enjoins believers to eat pure which He has provided them. The Lofty Qur¡¯an says, ¡°O, believers! Eat of the good foods that We have provided for you. And be grateful to Allah, if indeed you worship Him.¡± (Suratul Baqarah 2 V: 172)

One amongst the pure foods is the meat of an animal slaughtered in the name of Allah Almighty. The Glorious Qur¡¯aan says, ¡°Eat only that over which the name of Allah has been pronounced, if you truly believe in His commands.¡± (Suratul-An-Aam 6: 118)

The animal slaughtered pronouncing the name other than Allah Almighty is among the impure foods. Allah Almighty says, ¡°And do not eat of that over which Allah¡¯s name has not been pronounced, for that would amount to exceeding the limits of law. Certainly the devils inspire their prot¨¦g¨¦s to dispute with you: if you obey them, you will surely become an idolater.¡± (Suratul-An-Aan 6: 121)

One should host the quest as per one¡¯s status. It is you who should decide what to serve. If the lawful meats are not available, you can buy a chicken alive and then slaughter it according to the Islamic law of slaughtering. You can also serve them fish or any other delicious food of your country. But do not be prodigal transgressing the limitation. The Glorious Qur¡¯aan says, ¡°¡­and eat and drink, but do not be wasteful, for Allah does not like the prodigals.¡± (Suratul-A¡¯raaf 7: 31)

And Allah knows t

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