Message No : 18Sr.No : 234/725
Question By : zaid akhtar

i am a hanafi,stay at gulf here all people go to jummah with rhere wives when i went one of indian moulana says this is not allowed,and then i talked 2 a arabian "MUTAWA" maulana he says this is allowed. now i am getting confeused , plz tel me in detail and with refrence to Quaan and Hadith, that i can show the arabic maulana.i am working under him he is a very good man.

 

Reply By : Mohd. Shihabuddin Qasmi
Designation : Mufti, ODI, MMERC, Mumbai 

In the name of Allah, All Gracious, All Merciful
Assalamo Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu
Dear Brother in Islam,
The answer to your question is as follows:

The best period in Muslim history was the period of the Prophet (SAWS). There was no Fitan (mischief). People were embracing Islam and they were in the process of learning the teachings of Islam. The greatest amongst them was to offer and learn the methods of prayer from the Prophet himself. Therefore, women were also allowed to come to mosque and offer Salah in congregation though it was not compulsory for them to come for congregation. Since, offering Salah in congregation is compulsory for man only. Women are not commanded to offer any kind of Salah in congregation. (Shami Vol: Page: 410) It is preferable for them to offer Salah alone in their houses and they get more rewards in this case than offering Salah in congregation in a mosque or elsewhere. (Aalamgiri Vol: 1Page: 85) This is because the best mosque for a woman is her home and particularly the separate room of her home where no Ghair Mahram can see her. The Prophet of Islam (SAWS) is quoted as having said: "Prayer of a woman in her house is better than her prayer in her compartment, and her prayer in her closet is better than her prayer in her house¡±. (Abu Dawd, Mishkaat Shareef 96) A similar Hadith is also narrated on the authority of Ibne Masood (RA) that the Prophet (SAWS) said, " A woman should cover herself. Whenever she goes out, Satan stares at her. And being at home, she is nearer to Allah." (Attargheeb Wa-Ttarheeb Vol: 1 Page 188)

However, later on mischief began to spread its tentacles and women began to practise forbidden deeds in public life as Ayesha (RA) referred to the practices of women saying, ¡°Had Allah¡¯s Apostle known what women were doing, he would have forbidden them from going to mosque as the women of Bani Israel had been forbidden¡±. (Bukhari Vol: 1 Page: 120) Having seen the worsening social atmosphere, Hazrat Umar (RA) the second Caliph of Islam and the other companions of the Prophet (SAWS) prohibited women to come to mosque for congregation. (Bada-e-Yussanaei Vol: 1 Page: 157).

As far as the matter of social atmosphere and the practices of women in these days is concerned, it can¡¯t be confined in words. Women consider the practice of revealing charms, wearing transparent clothes, displaying ornaments in public life and applying fragrance that pervades the surrounding are normal and natural. In short, women have created such atmosphere that even a practising Muslim and a righteous person can hardly prevent themselves from committing evil deeds. Imagine! What would be the verdict of Ayesha (RA) regarding the women¡¯s issue of going to mosque if she observed the present circumstances and the practices of today¡¯s women? Therefore, Ulama prohibit women to come to mosque for the congregation of five time Salah as well as Jumoa¡¯ and Eid Salah due to the worsening social atmosphere. (Shami Vol: 1 Page: 419, Aalamgiri Vol: 1 Page: 89)

And Allah knows the best,

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