Message No : 8Sr.No : 165/725
Question By : nilofer

In Islam there is no caste system. All are one.But many Muslims when they give marriage proposals, they ask if you are a Syed,Sheikh or Khan, Ansari etc.How to explain this matter to them.If Syeds are descendendents of Holy Prophet as they say proudly, & yet you see they do a lot of Shirk or Bidah. I wish to know whether the descendents of Holy Prophets are called Syed & they should only marry among each other.Please convey some light in this matter.
I only know that the families of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) during his time were forbidden from accepting Zakaat & no one should marry his wives after his death.


Reply By : Mohd. Shihabuddin Qasmi
Designation : Mufti, ODI, MMERC, Mumbai 

In the name of Allah, All Gracious, All Merciful
Assalamo Alaikum
Dear ¡­in Islam,
The answers to your questions are as follows:

It is not in hand of human being to be born in a noble family or in a high cast. But it is Allah Almighty who gives birth whom He wishes in a family whatsoever it is. We may bear different idea, character, colour and may belong to different nations and tribes but we have been created from one pair of parents; Adam and Hawwa (ASS). Before Allah Almighty, we are all one. And he gets most honour who is most righteous. Therefore, nobility of cast and family is not a matter of pride to despise each other but it is one of the greatest blessings of Allah Almighty that He showered on His creatures. Allah Almighty says, ¡°O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you nations and tribes that you may know each other. Verily, the noblest of you, in the sight of Allah, is the best in conduct. Allah is Knower, Aware.¡± (Al-Hujuraat 49: 13)

It is one of the wonderful signs of Allah Almighty to create two different kinds of children; boy and girl from a same semen, place and similar food. They completely differ from each other in body structure and figure, character and conduct. Allah Almighty stating the purpose behind creating women said, ¡°That you may dwell in tranquility with them, and He ordained between you love and mercy¡±. There is a special kind of love and tenderness between a man and a woman. The friendship of two men between each other is completely different from that of men and women. If we think of the affairs men can not deal without the favour of women we will all these dealings as the means of mentally peace and tranquility. And this can be achieved when a man and a woman join together in marriage bond under the umbrella of Islam. It shows that the purpose of marital life is spending a pleasant and comfortable life. Therefore, a search should be conducted to find out the most suitable life partner in accordance with Islamic teachings so that a family becomes heaven for its members. A bridegroom should always be equal in status particularly in following aspects to the potential bride. Here are these aspects:

a) Family lineage (Nasab)
b) Islam
c) Freedom
d) Piety
e) Wealth
f) Profession

Bride always should be less in status than the bridegroom. Otherwise, differences will take place between husband and wife and family will turn into hell.

Ulama say that family lineage will be applied only to Arabs. All non-Arabs are Kufu (compatible) to each other. Since, the family lineage of non-Arab is not saved. This ruling is for such a case when people do not feel shame to marry in other tribes and casts. But if people belonging to Saiyeed, Khan, Ansari, Chawdory and like these casts, feel dishonour of family to marry in other casts, the family lineage will also be considered in compatibility with other aspects. Since, Kafa-Aat (special compatibility) is considered to get rid of humiliation. And respect and shame are based on Urf (society). (Raddul-Muhtaar Ala Ad-Durril-Mukhtaar Vol 2: P 344) However, righteousness should be given priority over all other aspects of compatibility. The Prophet of Islam (SAW) is reported as having said, ¡°A woman is married for four things; for her property, for her accomplishments, for her beauty and for her religion. Select one having religious temperament. May your hands cleave to the dust!¡± (Mishkaat Kitabun-Nikaah 267)

It is necessary in today¡¯s so-called modern age to get information about the faith and belief of potential bridegroom; whether he is a practising Muslim or his practices are not different from the practices of non-Muslims. It should also be searched whether he belongs to a deviation group or not. Since, a Muslim is not permitted to marry a non-Muslim and an impious person is not compatible to a pious person. The Glorious Qur¡¯aan says, ¡°Vile women are for vile men, and vile men for vile women. Good women are for good men, and good men for good women; such are innocent of that which people say: For them is pardon and a bountiful provision.¡± (Suratun-Noor 24:26)

There are different tribes in Arab and the best amongst them is Quraish. It consists of several families and the best one is Bano Haashim. And Bano Haashim is also divided in different families and the best among them is Sadaat. A Saiyeed is one who is from the decedents of Saiyeedah Fatimah (RA); whose family tree ends on her (RA). So, all Arabs from Quraish tribe will be Kufu to each other whether Haashimi, Umawi, Abbasi and Saiyeed etc. Non-Quraish also will be Kufu to other Arab tribes. But non-Arabs will not be regarded as Kufu to Arabs. (Raddul-Muhtaar Ala Ad-Durril-Mukhtaar Vol 2: P 345-46)

As far as the matter of Zakaat is concerned, Bano Hashim are not allowed, till today to accept Zakaat. (Raddul-Muhtaar Ala Ad-Durril-Mukhtaar Vol 2: P 72)

And Allah knows the best,

Mohd. Shihabu

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