Message No : 115Sr.No : 128/725
Question By : Razi Raziuddin

Maulana Qasmi & Others,


I have a certain understanding, but I want to know as to

1.what this term "Taqwa" truely means?

2. Is it simply that any Muslim who performs all the ritualistic chores of
Faith (arkaan), has Taqwa, and hence is a Muttaqi?

3. If so, then what is the difference between a Muslim and a Muttaqi, or a
Momin? Why not simply one term? There must be some reasons.

4. What are the yardsticks for Taqwa/Muttaqi?And who is the judge? Only
Allah, or fellow humans like Ulema/Qazi/ Mufti etc.

5. In your eyes (or as per your Islamic perception) if you confront two
Muslims; one an Aalim and another a mystic (sufi), both are dedicated to
Allah; one the Aalim performs all the technical aspects of the Faith but the
sufi person is not that rigid, rather devotes whole of his time in the Zik'r
of Allah, in his own ways. How are they going to be judged as more Muttaqi
than other?

One judgement would be by human experts, but the other realjudgement would
be by Allah.Is this true or not?

I understand that it is easy to judge who is a Muslim or not, but how a
human can judge who is a Muttaqi or not?

I am getting a bit puzzled ,rather perplexed by these questions.And need
your (and others') help.

Please enlighten me. Regards.



Reply By : Mohd. Shihabuddin Qasmi
Designation : ODI, MMERC, Mumbai 

In the name of Allah the All Gracious the All Merciful
Wa Alaikumossalam
Dear Brother in Islam,

The answers to your questions are as follow:
1) Taqwa is an Arabic word derived form Waqiun, which means abstaining oneself from something. And in the term of Shariah it implies to keep away oneself from such deeds that cause chastisement in Eternal Life (Hereafter). (Tafseer-e-Mazhari)

2) Taqwa can be divided into three categories:
a) Preventing oneself from infidelity by embracing Islam.
b) Practicing good deed and refraining from evil one.
c) Abstaining oneself from such thing that keeps away from the remembrance of Allah Almighty. (Ibid, footnote of Jalalain Shareef page 4)

3) All the common believers (who do believe in all the teachings of Islam but do not act accordingly) come in the first category of Taqwa. The second category includes such Muslims who believe in all the messages of Prophet (SAW) and spend their lives accordingly as well. The third category consists of righteous and pious Muslims and this is the highest quality of Taqwa. And generally the highest quality of Taqwa is meant when the word is mentioned in order to imply the rule of Shariah ¡°When a word is used in general it is meant in its complete sense¡±.

4) There are some traits of a Muttaqee mentioned in the Glorious Qur¡¯aan in Suratul Baqara: 2 V: 3.
The characteristics are as below:

a) Imaan Bil Ghaib (Imaan is an Arabic word, which means to believe and in the term of shariah it means to believe in all the aspects of faith brought by the Blessed Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Ghaib is a thing beyond the reach of five senses of human being and here it implies to believe in all the unseen information given by the Beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) such as Heaven, Hell, Day of judgment and likewise)
b) Iqamatussalah (performing Salah according to the teachings of Islam and maintaining its all conditions)

c) Infaaq (Spending wealth for the sake of Allah Almighty)

The Glorious Qur¡¯aan mentions Imaan the first sign of a Muttaqee and then Salah and Infaaq. For, Imaan (faith) is the soul of all good deeds. The virtuous deeds are of no use on the Day of Qiyamah without Imaan. And there are two kinds of Ibadah (1) Badani (physical worships) and (2) Mali (financial worships). Salaah is the most important part amongst all Badani worships while spending wealth for the cause of Allah Almighty includes all Mali worships such as Zakaat, Sadaqa-e-Fitr and so on). Thus, to mention only these two Ibadat (Salaah and Infaaq) amounts to all forms of worship. (Ma¡¯ariful Qur¡¯aan V: 1 P: 55-57) Therefore, the yardstick of Taqwa is ritualistic chore of faith. One can be jugged by one¡¯s deeds that to what extent one maintains the criteria of Taqwa.

5) It has already been mentioned that good deeds are the criteria for Taqwa. The more one follows the teachings of Prophet (SAW) (either he is Alim or only Sufi) the more one becomes great Muttaqee. But in reality, Allah knows the best about one¡¯s Taqwa. He is aware of all that is hidden in one¡¯s heart.

(And Allah knows

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