Message No : 7Sr.No : 79/725
Question By : Jaweria Iqbaal Meer

Assalamu Alaikum
I hope this brief note finds you in the very best of health and spirits. I have to ask couple of questions. Once I asked Ammaraah too and she said she will contact her sheikh but I didn't get any reply yet while these questions are really bothering me unless and until I find the answers for these. Hopefully you are going to reply me.
1. What¡¯s reason for closing eyes at the time of death, I have heard that when the soul is taken the eyes follow it, so what¡¯s wrong if the eyes are kept open? Why can't eyes see that??
2. And if possible please explain the following lines. Infect I read it somewhere on net but I can't find what does it mean.
When people sleep (and sleep is the lesser death), the soul is taken, but not completely, so the sleeper is still alive. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): It is Allaah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep, He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed.
Thanx
Allah hafiz

 

Reply By : Mohd. Shihabuddin Qasmi
Designation : Mufti: ODI, MMERC, Mumbai 

Wa Alikumussalam
Dear in Islam,
The answers of your questions are as below;
1. Islam is a natural religion. It requires mankind to live as per their nature. It wishes that sanctity of human being be maintained from the birth till the death. It¡¯s the only religion that maintains the natural beauty of human being in every aspect of their lives even after their death. Islam teaches that when a person dies, all the parts of his body should be put in order, his jaw bones should be tightened with the help of clothe or ribbon by putting around the jaw bones and tying both the parts of the cloth on the head. This is particularly done to maintain the natural beauty of the dead body because when the soul passes away, the eyes follow it and remain open. If this is not done, the facial expression of the dead man would look odd, his eyes terrified and even water may enter into his mouth during Ghusl (bath for the dead body). Also the thumbs of the legs should be tied so that the legs would remain straight as if in a natural sleep. And then finally, the dead body should be covered by a white sheet of cloth.

Muslims have learned the above-described way by the Prophet of Islam himself. When Abu Salma died, the holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) came and saw his eyes opened. He closed them and said, ¡°When soul passes away, the eyes follow it and the beauty of the body is in tying the jaw bones and in closing the eyes otherwise it would look odd. And while tying his jawbones, closing the eyes, arranging the body and putting the cloth, the Prophet of Islam instructed to read the following Duwa:
¡°Allahumma yassir alyhi amrahu wa sahhil alyhi ma baadahu wa asadahu biliqaika wajal ma kharaja ilayhi khairam mimma kharaja anhu. (Shami Kitabul Janaiz: 1/629-630, Hedaah V: 1.P: 158,Qudori Kitabul Janaiz 40)
2. The lines you have mentioned are, in fact, the interpretation of a verse of Suratzzumar chapter: 39, verse: 42. The explanation of the verse is that it is only Allah who takes the soul of the men whose death have come and their lives have finished completely. He also takes the lives of those whose death have not come during their sleep but this taking is not forever. A kind of life remains but not the consciousness. And in the case of death neither life itself remains nor consciousness. After this suspension of activity Allah keeps back with Him those souls on whom He passed the decree of death. The others who were suspended in their sleep but the death was not decreed upon them are returned back to their body again for an appointed period. Verily in these changes are sings of the sovereign authority of Allah without having any partner.
Tawaffa is an Arabic word which means to take and seize. Allah almighty has expressed His power and possession in the above mentioned verse that the soul of every living being is in His control. He can take it whenever He likes. Every living being experiences it every day. When they sleep their souls are taken away and later on returned. However, a time will come when it will be taken forever and will never be returned.
In Tafsir-e Mazhar, Qabze Ruh (seizing of soul) means disconnecting the soul from the body. Sometimes it is disconnected totally. That is called death. And sometimes this seizure of soul is apparent but not real because the internal parts of the body works usually by which a person breathes and lives during his sleep. (Ma-ariful Qur-an V: 7 P: 561-562)
Allah knows the best

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