Message No : 45Sr.No : 600/725
Question By : Aisha

Assalam Alaikum;
I want to ask you that a job in bank or law e.g. advocate is Halal or Haram in Islam .plz reply

 

Reply By : Asadullah Qasmi
Designation : Mufti, ODI, MMERC, Mumbai 

In the name of Allah the most Gracious the most Merciful

The answer to your question is as follow:

One can adopt a lawful employment in bank which does not involve interest in any way e.g. watchman, sweeper etc then it will not be termed unlawful, while doing Haram work is unlawful like writing interest, bearing witness to it etc.

The profession of law or advocacy, in itself, is not prohibited. This is a service rendered to the client for which a lawyer or advocate can charge a fee. However, this permissibility is subject to three conditions. Firstly, a Muslim lawyer or advocate is not allowed to plead the case of a person whom he believes to be unjust. Therefore, if he knows that his client has committed an offence he is not allowed to plead for his innocence. The Holy Qur'an is very clear on this point where it says:

"And do not be an advocate or lawyer for those who have committed breach of trust." Nevertheless it is not impermissible for an advocate or lawyer to plead for any concession given to the culprit under the law, for example, in the above case it is not allowed to plead for the innocence of an offender; however, it is permissible to plead for reduction of his sentence on the grounds of genuine mitigating circumstances. Secondly, it is not allowed for a Muslim advocate to help his client in claiming a right which is disapproved by the Shari'ah, for example, if a person wants to sue his opponent for recovering usury or interest, a Muslim advocate or lawyer cannot plead his case to that extent. Thirdly, a Muslim advocate is not allowed to use prohibited means to advance the case of his client like false statement, forged documents etc. subject to these three conditions the profession of advocacy cannot be termed as repugnant to the injunction of Holy Qur'an and Sunnah. Whatever has been stated above with regard to the advocacy is equally applicable to the profession of legal consultancy. (And Allah Knows The Best)

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