Message No : 28Sr.No : 565/724
Question By : Nafees Ahmad

My question is about Compatibility or Kufu : 1. The Shariˇ®ah have taken great precautions in ensuring that nikah with an incompatible person or a person of a lower social standing does not take place. In other words, do not perform the nikah of a girl with a man who is not equal to her in status or who is of no match to her. 2. Compatibility or equality is considered in several factors: (1) lineage, (2) Islam, (3) piety, (4) wealth, (5) profession or occupation. My question is about inequality of lineage, is it permissible in Islam that any wali or guardian of bride/groom can refuse the marriage only because of inequality of lineage (especially cast system)? And rest is equal.

 

Reply By : Asadullah Qasmi
Designation : Mufti, ODI, MMERC, Mumbai 

In the name of Allah the most Gracious the most Merciful
The answer to your question is as follows:
Islam stresses mankind to realize both kinds of rights, obligatory on them, namely Huq?q Allah (the rights of Allah) and Huq?q al-'ibad (rights of other people). Examples of Huq?q Allah would be praying and performing the Hajj, whereas examples of huq?q al-'ibad would be to protect other people's honor and preventing yourself from causing any harm to them. One such way a person might feel as if their honor has been tainted is when a member of his/her family marries a person who is not suitable according to the family's standards. These standards are in relation to the family's lineage, wealth, religiosity, and occupation.
Therefore, if the girl's family feels unsatisfied in marrying her to someone who is not the same as her in lineage, they have a right to object to the marriage. Such a marriage will not be valid without the approval of the girl's family. However, if the girl's family approve of the nikah, then the marriage is valid and no one else has any right to object. (And Allah knows the best)

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