Message No : 7Sr.No : 9/724
Question By : Mujahed Baig

Aalijanab Qasmi Saheb,
Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,
I appreciate your answer for the captioned subject.
I would like to see the ruling re covering of the face. Most of the women from Egypt, and other Arabian countries, ignores this. Only Saudi Women cover their faces.
Please give the difference between Satar and Hijab.
Showing off the face is a big fitna, in the present time.
Please comment.
Jazak Allah Khair

 

Reply By : Nazar Kaleem Qudsee Al- Qasmi
Designation : Mufti: MMERC. Mumbai 

Dear Brother in Islam
Wa'laikumus-Salam

Sorry brother! I could not get your exact idea from your sentence ''the ruling recovering of the face''. If you mean an Stuff used by Saudi women on their face, on nose, then I would like to say that it is their own fashion and has nothing to do with Islamic ruling of Hijaab or Satr.
The private parts of the body that a man or woman can not uncover in front of his/her Mahram woman or men is called Satr in Urdu and Persian and Aurat in Arabic language.

Difference between Satr And Hijaab
1. Satre Aurat has been an obligatory command of Allah from ever, from the beginning of the creation while the order of Hijaab came in 5th A.H.
2. Satre Aurat is Fard, incumbent, for men and women both while Hijaab is necessary on women alone.
3. Satre Aurat is Fard in Public and Privacy both while Hijaab is Fard in the presence of Non-Mahram.

There is no dispute among Ulama that in situation of Fitnah as observed in our time the women are not permitted to uncover or display their face before a Non-Mahram.
Scholars of Islam are also of one opinion that face and palm are exempted from that Satre Aurat, hiding of hidden parts, which is incumbent to hide while performing Namaz or out of Namaz.
The dispute among Ulama has been only in respect of face and palm. This diversity of opinion has taken place from the commentary of the holy verse of Surah Noor 24/31'' Illaa Maa Za-ha-ra Minhaa'' (Except what ordinarily appear) Hazrat Ibne Masood R.A. says ''Maa Za-ha-ra Minhaa'' refers to outer garments such as Burqa and Chaadar etc. According to this commentary women are asked not to display their face and palm in front of a Non-Mahram. Hazrat Ibne Abbas R.A. says ''Maa Za-ha-ra Minhaa'' are face and palm. On account of this commentary the women can uncover their face and palm.
But there is an agreement among Ulama that Non-Mahram is not permitted to gaze or see the face or the palm or touch the finger of a woman, except in the case of an emergency.
Maulana Mufti Shafi R.A.has quoted from Imam Abubakr Jassaas that going out side in crafted and embroidered Burqa is preferably prohibited. (Ma'ariful Qur'an vol. 6 Page-394/395.)

For more, please see Ma'ariful Qur'an vol. 6 and 7 commentary of Surah Noor Chapter 24 and Surah Ahzaab Chapter 33. You may also refer to a very famous book on the subject, PURDAH written by H. Abul A'alaa Maududi.

Thanking you

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