Message No : 22Sr.No : 467/724
Question By : A.S.Tapader

SIR,
This is incontiuation of my teletalk had with you regarding the question raised by Mr. Neloy data, Sr advo.
The questions are:
In Islam 5 pillars are there, like Kalima, Jamaz,
Ruza, Haj and Zakat, 3 are mandatory, 2 are optional, out of this our question is related with Haj.
Why haj has to perform in a particular month and date, which ayat of the holy Quran and hadith carry this ref.
If anyone performs after this particular month and date, whether he or she will get same Sawab. Then why he or she will not be called as haji. What is Umarh.
Plz clarify AFAP. Thanks/Tapader
A.S.Tapader,
MA, PGDFT
ISO 9000 2000 Lead Auditor

 

Reply By : M. Burhanuddin Qasmi
Designation : Director MMERC, Mumbai 

In the name of Allah the most Gracious the most Merciful

Assalamu Alaikum...

Please find below reply to your queries in brief.

Q. In Islam 5 pillars are there, like Kalima, Namaz, Ruza, Haj and Zakat, 3 are mandatory, 2 are optional.

A. You are right that there are five pillars (mandatory principles) of Islam on which the base of Islam is standing but no one is optional among these five. Nevertheless, there are certain conditions for every pillar to be mandatory. Like Salah (namaz) is obligatory on every sane, adult Muslim during particular time duration five times a day. Sawm (Ruza) is obligatory on every sane and adult Muslim only in the month of Ramadhan when he is at home (not in long journey). Zakat (Poor's due) is obligatory on every adult and rich Muslim who possesses a particular amount of extra wealth and that extra wealth passes a complete year. Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah during particular days) is compulsory once in a lifetime on every sane and free Muslim who has sufficient provision for his dependants for the duration of his absence as well as possesses all the requirements for travel and is
financially independent. Hajj is to visit the house of Allah Almighty in Makkah (Saudi-Arabia) on the eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh and twelfth of Dill-Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic calendar year. One becomes adult (Islamically) around the age of 15. herefore, being adult, sane, rich and in particular time duration are some of the conditions for every pillars of Islam to be obligatory on any individual, otherwise he/she will be excused by Islam from the responsibility.

Q. Why Haj has to be performed in a particular month and date, which Ayat of the Qur'an and Hadis carry this reference?

A. The Originator of Islam - Allah (swt) asked Muslim to perform Hajj in particular time
duration of the year as mentioned above. Therefore, particular time duration is a condition for Hajj like the month of Ramadhan is a condition for Fasting, prayer timings is condition for each Salah (Namaz) and these conditions are laid down by Allah Himself.
Muslims have to just follow the instructions as they have been asked to do. Allah says in the Qur'an in Suraha Al-Baqara chapter No.2, verse No.197, which means the Hajj is (in ) the months well-known. The word ashhur is the plural of shahr meaning the month. They are Shawwal, Dhul-Qa'dah and the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah as it appears in the Hadith narrated by the Prophet's Companions Abu Umamah and Ibn Umar (Mazhari) (al -Baihaqi Hadith No.8993) As I mentioned that the Hajj is performed in particular days of Dhul-Hijjah. They are eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh and twelfth. Every day of them has its particular names. Eighth is called Yaumut-terwiyah, (the day of terwiyah) ninth is called Yaumul- arafa (the day of Arafah) and tenth, eleventh and twelfth are called Ayyamun-Nahre (slaughtering days). (Binaya, the commentary of Hidaya, Vol. 5, page 141) In Sahih Muslim, in a long Hadith, It is reported by Jabir (ra) that he said: When was the Yaumut- terwiyah, go to Mina (a place in Makkah)... (Abu Daud, Hadith NO.1905, Bukhari Hadith No. 1570,1571) In Abu Daud, the word 'the day of Arafah' and 'the day of Terwiyah are simultaneously used in the Hadith No.1911 that is narrated by Ibn Abbas (ra) and in Bukhari Hadith No. 1575 the word Yaum-un-Nahar is used.
In Sahih Bukhari, the word' Yaum-un-Nahar' is used in Hadith No.1633. As well as these days (Ayyam-un-Nahar) are mentioned in the Glorious Qur'an but not in detail. "And (remember) when We pointed out for Ibrahim the place of the House (of Allah) saying, " Do not associate anything with Me as My partner and purify My House for those who make tawaaf (circumambulation around it), and those who perform Qiyam (standing up in worship-- Namaz) and those who perform Ruku (bowing down) and Sujud (prostration) , [26] and announce among people about (the obligation of) hajj, so that they
should come to you on foot and on camel turned lean, traveling through every distant hilly pathway, [27] so that they witness benefits for them and recite Allah's name, in specified days over the provision He gave them from the cattle. 'So, eat therefore and feed the distressed, the poor.' [28] Then, they must remove their dirt and fulfill their vows and make tawaaf of the Ancient House." (Surah Al-Hajj Verse 26-30) ( specified days) refer to the 10th, 11th, and 12th days of the month of Dhul-Hijja when animals may be sacrificed. (Ma'ariful Qur'an, the commentary of the Holy Qur'an) So, the five days of Hajj are mentioned in Ahadith as well as in the glorious Qur'an. Moreover, Prophet of Islam Muhammad (saws) was the practical teacher of Islam and he did all his Hajj during these five days only.

Q. If anyone performs Hajj after this particular month and date, whether he or she will get the same Sawab. Why he or she will not be called as Haji?

A. In the light of the above mentioned details no one can perform Hajj after or before these five days which are mentioned above. Whatever one performs out of these five days cannot be named as Hajj. Thus one cannot get sawab of Hajj, nor the performer can be termed as Haji who performs Hajj rituals after or before the particular month and dates of Hajj.

Q. What is Umarh?

A. Umrah is to visit the house of Allah (Ka'aba in Makkah) with the intention to please Allah. It is the Lesser Hajj - some rituals of Hajj like Ihram and Tawaf etc are done while doing Umrah. Umrah can be performed at any time of the year without any restriction of the month or day and this is what you asked above "if any one performs Hajj after." that can be Umrah not Hajj and one will avail Sawab of Umrah. Umrah is a voluntary worship where as Hajj is an abligation. Umrah can be performed at any time of the year whereas Hajj will be only in particular days of the year. Performing an Umrah takes hardly an hour, Hajj completes in five days. A person can perform only one Hajj a year whereas he can perform as many Umrah as he wishes through out the year. We will be happy to know your comments on the reply. For more information about Islam or any questions
please feel free to visit http://www.markazul maarif.org/ - darul.asp . You may also free download Teachings of Islam from http://www.markazul maarif.org/ download. asp

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