Message No : 6Sr.No : 84/724
Question By : Azam

1. Can prophet(sas) be wrong in his sayings or in other words can he commits mistakes in his
opinions (not in conveying quran) (astaq fir ullah) ?
2. Is there any case where prophet (sas) over stressed his opinion over quran?
3. Quran is absolute, but can prophet saying become invalid with time?
4. If hadeeth contradict quran, is it still valid?
5. Is there any case where quran/prophet(sas) ask us to find new answers to old questions or
issues with time?
6. Did prophet(sas) encourage us to debates on his (sas) rulings or orders?
7. Is it posible one verse of quran contradict another verse of quran? In such case should we
follow related hadeeth?
8. Is it possible one hadeeth contradict another hadeeth? In such case, should we follow third
hadeeth or quran or our reason?
9. Can all ullehmas sit together and issue a fatwa that particular hadeeths is obsolete now if it
is very difficult or not vaible to follow or majority of muslims don't want to follow it?


Reply By : Mohd. Shihabuddin Qasmi
Designation : Mufti: ODI, MMERC, Mumbai 

In the name of Allah the most gracious the most merciful
Wa Alaikumoossalam
Dear Brother in Islam, I have gone through your questions and replied as per I understood the questions. The answers are as below:
1.Islam is a religion brought by the Prophet Muhammad (SWS) from Allah almighty to all mankind. A Muslim believes that Allah almighty never commits mistake. For, committing mistake is the nature of human being due to the limitation of the wisdom and knowledge. And the knowledge of Allah almighty is beyond the limitation.

All the prophets sent down to this earth are the messengers of Allah almighty. They conveyed the message of Allah to His slaves without using their own intellect and opinion. The Glorious QurĄŻan says about the Prophet of Islam, Ą°Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) desire. It is no less than inspiration sent down to himĄ±. (An-Najam: 53 V3-4) Therefore, a Muslim cannot be a Muslim until and unless he believes in all the messengers of Allah and their truthfulness to convey the message of Allah almighty.

It is a matter of fact that the messengers of Allah almighty were not specialist of worldly affairs. So their own opinions about the worldly matters may go against the experiences.

2. The Prophet of Islam (SWS) never imposed his own opinion on Shariah. The Ahadith (traditions of Prophet) are the explanation of the Glorious QurĄŻan. The Prophet (SWS) translated the message of Allah and the Glorious QurĄŻan by his saying, exercising and his keeping silence over the practice of Sahaba (RA) and their saying before him. He left no message of Allah almighty unexplained. According to my best knowledge, there is no such case where the Prophet of Islam (SWS) overstressed his traditions on the Glorious QurĄŻaan. If you have any such instance, please, put it forward I will try my best to find the answer.

3. Islam is the everlasting religion till the Day of Judgment. The Glorious QurĄŻaan is quite absolute and authentic, even a single word of it canĄŻt be changed. But the Hadith is of different kinds. Many of them are Saheeh (authentic) while many of them are Zaeef (weak) from narrative point of view. So some Ahadith are naturally vulnerable. As far as the mater of Shariah is concerned, it canĄŻt be invalid with the time since it is based on authentic sources.

4.If a Hadith contradicts the QurĄŻaan first one should explore the possibilities to remove the contradiction otherwise the Hadith will be overlooked.

5. There are four principles of Shariah. One of them is Qias (to relate a new MasĄŻala which is not mentioned in the Glorious QurĄŻaan or Hadith to a similar MasĄŻala mentioned in the Glorious QurĄŻaan and Hadith to find out the teaching of Islam related to this new MasĄŻala). There is a Hadith namely Hadithe MaĄŻaaz. It says that the Prophet of Islam (SWS) asked MaĄŻaaz when he was being sent as a governor to Yemen, Ą° How will you judge? O, MaĄŻaaz. He replied, Ą° I will judge by the Glorious QurĄŻan. The Prophet asked (SWS), Ą°If you do not find any MasĄŻala in the QurĄŻan (then what will you do?). MaĄŻaaz replied, Ą° I will judge by the traditions of the prophetĄ±. The Prophet asked, Ą° If you donĄŻt find (the solution) in Ahadith also (then what will you do?). MaĄŻaaz replied, Ą° I will interpret (the solution from the QurĄŻan and Hadith using my wisdom and intellect). Then the Prophet (SWS) thanked Allah almighty and said, Ą° All the praise for Allah who enabled the ambassador of His messenger to do what pleases the messenger of AllahĄ±. And this is the case where Islam has guided Muslims to find answers to new questions related to Islam. On the other hand, Muslims are encouraged to adopt Hikmah (wisdom) in their affairs as a Hadith says, Ą°Hikmah (wisdom) is an asset of Muslims wherever he finds it he is worthy of itĄ±. This is only about the worldly affairs that Muslims are asked to device the best methods to meet their goals. As far as the matter of religious affairs is concerned in this case one has to find solution only in the light of QurĄŻaan and Hadith. There are some conditions to find out MasĄŻala by Qias. And it is allowed only for one who has command over the teaching of the QurĄŻaan and Hadith.

6. A Muslim is one who bows down before the will of Allah and His Messenger. He must not have any kind of objection on the order of Allah and His messenger. Of course he can think to find out the reason of the injunctions of Shariah. If he finds the reason thanks Allah almighty and if he does not find the reason then he should consider the weakness of his wisdom and submit his will before the will of Allah and His messenger. The Glorious QurĄŻan says, Ą°It is not fitting for a believer, man or woman, when a matter has been decided by Allah and His Messenger, to have any option about their decision. If any one disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he is indeed on a clearly wrong pathĄ±. (Al-Ahzab: 33 V: 36)

7. As a matter of fact, there is no contradiction between the verses of the Glorious QurĄŻan and the traditions of the Prophet (SWS) but sometime it seems us contradiction between the verses and the traditions because of our short knowledge. In such cases we will follow the related Hadith. (Noorul-Anwer P: 197)

8. According to our short knowledge if a Hadith seems us to contradict to another Hadith, in such cases we will follow related third Hadith or Aquale Sahaba (the saying of the companions). (Ibid P: 198)

9. Ijmae Ummah (unanimous agreement of genius Ulama on an issue is not found in the Glorious QurĄŻaan and Hadith) is one of the four principles of Shariah. They can agree on an issue not found in the Glorious QurĄŻaan and Hadith, not on an issue mentioned in the Glorious QurĄŻan and Hadith. None has right to change the principles of Islam. Allah almighty completed Islam and showed His willingness towards Islam. He said, Ą°This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religionĄ±.

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