Istinja

Part-2

NAJAAST (Filth)
is of two types
HAQEEQI
which can be seen

HUKMI
which cannot be seen

e.g. breaking of Wudhu or a need of Bath.
Ghaliza
(heavy type)

Khafifah
(light type)

 

NAJAASATE HAQEEQI:

Uncleanliness or filth that can be seen
eg. urine, stool, blood and wine.

NAJAASATE GHALIZA:

Dense (heavy) types of Najaasat
eg. Urine and Stool of human beings.

NAJAASATE KHAFIFAH:

Lighter types of Najaasat
eg. Urine of Halaal animals.

MAKROOH:

Disliked or something which is against the conduct of Islam.

MAKROOH - E -TAHREEMEE:

Close to Haraam.

HARAAM:

Illegal or forbidden.

NAJAASATE HAQEEQI

THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF NAJAASATE HAQEEQI.

  1. NAJAASATE GHALIZA
  2. NAJAASATE KHAFIFAH.

Examples of NAJAASATE GHALIZA:

Urine and stool of human beings and the excretion of all animals and the urine of all Haraam (forbidden) animals, flowing blood of human beings and animals, wine, fowl and duck excretion.

Examples of NAJAASATE KHAFIFAH:

Urine of HALAAL ANIMALS (animals permitted for eating) and the excretion of HARAAM BIRDS.

NAJAASATE HAQEEQI:

Whether Najaasate Haqeeqi (Ghaliza or Khafifah) is on the body or cloth can be cleaned by washing three times. After every wash the garment must be squeezed.

STOOL Excreta)
URINE
BLOOD
HUMAN BEINGS
Najassate Ghaliza
Najassate Ghaliza
Najassate Ghaliza
HARAAM ANIMALS
Najassate Ghaliza
Najassate Ghaliza
Najassate Ghaliza
HALAAL ANIMALS
Najassate Ghaliza
Najassate Khafifah
Najassate Ghaliza
HARAAM BIRDS
Najassate Khafifah
Najassate Ghaliza
HALAAL BIRDS
PAAK
Najassate Ghaliza

ISTINJA

  • ISTINJA means cleaning the private parts after passing out urine and stool by using clean water and earth etc.
  1. It is SUNNAT to make ISTINJA after passing out urine, stool, etc.
  2. It is permissible to use lumps of dry earth for ISTINJA, provided the body is properly cleaned.
  3. For passing urine and stool, one should go to a place of privacy (toilet) and seat oneself at ease. After relieving, wash the private parts until satisfied that they have become clean.
  4. It is MAKROOH to make ISTINJA with coal, bones, glass, baked bricks, printed paper, etc. It is not proper to use paper for ISTINJA which is also used for writing and printing. But with toilet paper it is different. It can be used for ISTINJA, since it was made only for that purpose and not for writing or printing.
  5. It is MARKOOH to pass out urine while standing.
  6. It is MAKROOH-E-TAHREEMEE to face or show the back to the KA'BA when passing out urine or stool.
  7. It is FORBIDDEN to seat little children facing or showing their backs towards the KA'BA when passing out urine or stool.
  8. Remove rings, badges or anything else on which the name of ALLAH, His RASOOL. (Sallallaho-Alayhe-Wa-Sallam), Quranic verses or Hadith are written. It is permitted to have them in the pocket.
  9. Use the LEFT HAND only in ISTINJA.
  10. Do not urinate or pass stool on a public road or path, beneath a fruit tree, or a tree giving shade or in a well, dam or river.
  11. If you are in an open place and there is no toilet, then sit in a place where you cannot be seen by others.
BEFORE ENTERING THE TOILET RECITE :

O ALLAH! I seek protection in You from the MALE and FEMALE DEVIL.

ENTER the toilet with the LEFT FOOT

AFTER LEAVING THE TOILET

Step out with the RIGHT FOOT and once OUTSIDE RECITE:

O ALLAH! I seek Your pardon. All praises are due to ALLAH Who has taken away from me discomfort and granted me relief.

QUESTIONS

  1. Name the two types of NAJAASAT?
  2. What is HUKMI Najaasat?
  3. How should one clean Najaasate GHALIZA that is on the body or clothes?
  4. What is HAQEEQI Najaasat?
  5. Give examples of Najaasate KHAFIFAH?
  6. Give examples of NAJAASATE GHALIZA?
  7. Explain MAKROOH'?
  8. Explain MAKROOH-E-TAHREEMEE?
  9. What is HARAAM'?
  10. How is it to face the KA'BA when making ISTINJA?
  11. With which foot one should enter the TOILET?
  12. What is the meaning of ISTINJA?
  13. Can one use printed paper for ISTINJA?
  14. What is the meaning of the DU'A that is recited before entering the TOILET?
  15. Which direction should one not face towards nor show one's back during urinating or passing stool?
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